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    Botsuana Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Agriculture still provides a livelihood for more than 80% of the population but supplies only about 50% of food needs and accounts for only 3% of GDP. Subsistence farming and cattle raising predominate. The sector is plagued by erratic rainfall and poor soils. Diamond mining and tourism also are important to the economy. Substantial mineral deposits were found in the 1970s and the mining sector grew from 25% of GDP in 1980 to 38% in 1998. Unemployment officially is 21% but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. The Orapa 2000 project, which will double the capacity of the country's main diamond mine, will be finished in early 2000. This will be the main force behind continued economic expansion.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $5.7 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 6.5% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $3,900 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 4%
      industry: 46% (including 36% mining)
      services: 50% (1998 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 47% (1999 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 7.7% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 235,000 formal sector employees (1995)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: 100,000 public sector; 135,000 private sector, including 14,300 who are employed in various mines in South Africa; most others engaged in cattle raising and subsistence agriculture (1995 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 20%-40% (1999 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $1.6 billion
      expenditures: $1.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $560 million (FY96/97)

      Industrias: diamonds, copper, nickel, coal, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing

      Industrial production growth rate: 4.6% (FY92/93)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 1 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 1.619 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 689 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: sorghum, corn, millet, pulses, groundnuts (peanuts), beans, cowpeas, sunflower seed; livestock

      Exportaciones: $2.36 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: diamonds 72%, vehicles, copper, nickel, meat (1998)

      Exportaciones - socios: EU 74%, Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 21%, Zimbabwe 3% (1996)

      Importaciones: $2.05 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, textiles, petroleum products

      Importaciones - socios: Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 78%, Europe 8%, Zimbabwe 6% (1996)

      Deuda - externa: $651 million (1998)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $73 million (1995)

      Moneda: 1 pula (P) = 100 thebe

      Indice de intercambio: pulas (P) per US$1 - 4.6168 (January 2000), 4.6244 (1999), 4.2259 (1998), 3.6508 (1997), 3.3242 (1996), 2.7722 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: 1 April - 31 March

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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