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    Camboya Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 13 00 N, 105 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Southeast Asia

      Area:
      total: 181,040 sq km
      land: 176,520 sq km
      water: 4,520 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Oklahoma

      Fronteras:
      total: 2,572 km
      border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

      Costa: 443 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

      Terreno: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
      highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

      Recursos Naturales: timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 11%
      forests and woodland: 66%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 920 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; toxic waste delivery from Taiwan sparked unrest in Kampong Saom (Sihanoukville) in December 1998

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Nota - geograf�a: a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00