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    Camores Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: One of the world's poorest countries, Comoros is made up of three islands that have inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a subsistence level of economic activity, high unemployment, and a heavy dependence on foreign grants and technical assistance. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, is the leading sector of the economy. It contributes 40% to GDP, employs 80% of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. The country is not self-sufficient in food production; rice, the main staple, accounts for the bulk of imports. The government is struggling to upgrade education and technical training, to privatize commercial and industrial enterprises, to improve health services, to diversify exports, to promote tourism, and to reduce the high population growth rate. Continued foreign support is essential if the goal of 4% annual GDP growth is to be met.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $410 million (1998 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 0% (1998 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $725 (1998 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 40%
      industry: 5%
      services: 55% (1997 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 4% (1998)

      Fuerza Laboral: 144,500 (1996 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 80%, government 3%

      Indice de desempleo: 20% (1996 est.)

      revenues: $48 million
      expenditures: $53 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997)

      Industrias: tourism, perfume distillation, textiles, furniture, jewelry, construction materials, soft drinks

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 15 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 86.67%
      hydro: 13.33%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 14 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)

      Exportaciones: $9.3 million (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: vanilla, ylang-ylang, cloves, perfume oil, copra

      Exportaciones - socios: France 43%, US 43%, Germany 7% (1997)

      Importaciones: $49.5 million (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods; petroleum products, cement, transport equipment

      Importaciones - socios: France 59%, South Africa 15%, Kenya 6% (1997)

      Deuda - externa: $197 million (1997 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $28.1 million (1997)

      Moneda: 1 Comoran franc (CF) = 100 centimes

      Indice de intercambio: Comoran francs (CF) per US$1 - 485.44 (January 2000), 461.77 (1999), 442.46 (1998), 437.75 (1997), 383.66 (1996), 374.36 (1995)
      note: prior to January 1999, the official rate was pegged to the French franc at 75 CFs per French franc; since 1 January 1999, the CF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 491.9677 Comoran francs per euro

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)