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    Congo, Republico deo Democratico de Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: The economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo - a nation endowed with vast potential wealth - has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. The new government instituted a tight fiscal policy that initially curbed inflation and currency depreciation, but these small gains were quickly reversed when the foreign-backed rebellion in the eastern part of the country began in August 1998. The war has dramatically reduced government revenue, and increased external debt. Foreign businesses have curtailed operations due to uncertainty about the outcome of the conflict and because of increased government harassment and restrictions. Poor infrastructure, an uncertain legal framework, corruption, and lack of openness in government economic policy and financial operations remain a brake on investment and growth. A number of IMF and World Bank missions have met with the new government to help it develop a coherent economic plan but associated reforms are on hold. Assuming moderate peace, annual growth is likely to increase to nearly 5% in 2000-01, but inflation will continue to be a problem.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $35.7 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 1% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $710 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 58%
      industry: 17%
      services: 25% (1997 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 46% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 14.51 million (1993 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 65%, industry 16%, services 19% (1991 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: NA%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $269 million
      expenditures: $244 million, including capital expenditures of $24 million (1996 est.)

      Industrias: mining, mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, diamonds

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 5.74 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 2.61%
      hydro: 97.39%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 5.488 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 150 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 300 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products

      Exportaciones: $530 million (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil

      Exportaciones - socios: Benelux 52%, US 14%, South Africa 9%, Finland 4% (1998)

      Importaciones: $460 million (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

      Importaciones - socios: South Africa 25%, Benelux 14%, Nigeria 7%, Kenya 5%, China (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $12.3 billion (1997 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $195.3 million (1995)

      Moneda: Congolese franc (CF)

      Indice de intercambio: Congolese francs (CF) per US$1 - 4.5 (January 2000), 2.5 (January 1999); new zaires (Z) per US$1 - 115,000 (January 1998), 83,764 (October 1996), 7,024 (1995), 1,194 (1994)
      note: on 30 June 1998 the Congolese franc (CF) was introduced, replacing the new zaire; 1 Congolese franc (CF) = 100,000 new zaires

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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