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    Costa Rica Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Costa Rica's basically stable economy depends on tourism, agriculture, and electronics exports. Poverty has been substantially reduced over the past 15 years, and a strong social safety net has been put into place. Economic growth has rebounded from -0.9% in 1996 to 4% in 1997, 6% in 1998, and 7% in 1999. Inflation rose to 22.5% in 1995, dropped to 11.1% in 1997, 12% in 1998, and 11% in 1999. Large government deficits - fueled by interest payments on the massive internal debt - have undermined efforts to maintain the quality of social services. Curbing inflation, reducing the deficit, and improving public sector efficiency remain key challenges to the government. Political resistance to privatization has stalled liberalization efforts.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $26 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 7% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $7,100 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 14%
      industry: 22%
      services: 64% (1998)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 1.3%
      highest 10%: 34.7% (1996)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 10.8% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 1.377 million (1998)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 20%, industry 22%, services 58% (1999 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 5.6% (1998 est.); 7.5% underemployment

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $1.93 billion
      expenditures: $2.27 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

      Industrias: microprocessors, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products

      Industrial production growth rate: 24.5% (1999)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 5.742 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 9.28%
      hydro: 80.62%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 10.1% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 5.267 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 77 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 4 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: coffee, bananas, sugar, corn, rice, beans, potatoes; beef; timber

      Exportaciones: $6.4 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: coffee, bananas, sugar; textiles, electronic components, electricity

      Exportaciones - socios: US 49%, EU 22%, Central America 10% (1999)

      Importaciones: $6.5 billion (c.i.f., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum, electricity

      Importaciones - socios: US 41%, Japan 8.1%, Mexico 7.3%, Venezuela 4% (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $3.9 billion (1998 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $107.1 million (1995)

      Moneda: 1 Costa Rican colon (C) = 100 centimos

      Indice de intercambio: Costa Rican colones (C) per US$1 - 299.63 (February 2000), 285.68 (1999), 257.23 (1998), 232.60 (1997), 207.69 (1996), 179.73 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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