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    Hait� Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 19 00 N, 72 25 W

      Referencias en el mapa: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area:
      total: 27,750 sq km
      land: 27,560 sq km
      water: 190 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Fronteras:
      total: 275 km
      border countries: Dominican Republic 275 km

      Costa: 1,771 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

      Terreno: mostly rough and mountainous

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

      Recursos Naturales: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 20%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures: 18%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 44% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 750 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
      signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban

      Nota - geograf�a: shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00