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    India Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. More than a third of the population is too poor to be able to afford an adequate diet, and market surveys indicate that fewer than 5% of all households had an annual income equivalent to $2,300 or more in 1995-96. India's international payments position remained strong in 1999 with adequate foreign exchange reserves, reasonably stable exchange rates, and booming exports of software services. Lower production of some nonfoodgrain crops offset recovery in industrial production. Strong demand for India's high technology exports will bolster growth in 2000.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $1.805 trillion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 5.5% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,800 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 25%
      industry: 30%
      services: 45% (1997)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 35% (1994 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 4.1%
      highest 10%: 25% (1994)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 6.7% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: NA

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 67%, services 18%, industry 15% (1995 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: NA%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $35.8 billion
      expenditures: $66.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $15.9 billion (FY98/99 est.)

      Industrias: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery

      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (1999 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 448.6 billion kWh (FY98/99 est.)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 80.34%
      hydro: 17.08%
      nuclear: 2.38%
      other: 0.2% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 416.346 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 130 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 1.575 billion kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish

      Exportaciones: $36.3 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures

      Exportaciones - socios: US 21%, UK 6%, Germany 6%, Hong Kong 5%, Japan 5%, UAE 4% (1998)

      Importaciones: $50.2 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: crude oil and petroleum products, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals

      Importaciones - socios: US 10%, Belgium 7%, UK 6%, Germany 6%, Saudi Arabia 6%, Japan 6% (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $98 billion (March 1999)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $2.9 billion (FY98/99)

      Moneda: 1 Indian rupee (Re) = 100 paise

      Indice de intercambio: Indian rupees (Rs) per US$1 - 43.552 (January 2000), 43.055 (1999), 41.259 (1998), 36.313 (1997), 35.433 (1996), 32.427 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: 1 April - 31 March

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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