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    Ir�n Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Iran's economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures. President KHATAMI has continued to follow the market reform plans of former President RAFSANJANI and has indicated that he will pursue diversification of Iran's oil-reliant economy although he has made little progress toward that goal. The strong oil market in 1996 helped ease financial pressures on Iran and allowed for Tehran's timely debt service payments. Iran's financial situation tightened in 1997 and deteriorated further in 1998 because of lower oil prices. The subsequent zoom in oil prices in 1999 afforded Iran fiscal breathing room but does not solve Iran's structural economic problems.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $347.6 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 1% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $5,300 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 21%
      industry: 34%
      services: 45% (1997 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 53% (1996 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 30% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 15.4 million
      note: shortage of skilled labor

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 33%, industry 25%, services 42% (1997 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 25% (1999 est.)

      revenues: $34.6 billion
      expenditures: $34.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $11.8 billion (FY96/97)

      Industrias: petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabricating, armaments

      Industrial production growth rate: 5.7% (FY95/96 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 95.31 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 92.33%
      hydro: 7.67%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 88.638 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar

      Exportaciones: $12.2 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: petroleum 80%, carpets, fruits, nuts, hides, iron, steel

      Exportaciones - socios: Japan, Italy, Greece, France, Spain, South Korea

      Importaciones: $13.8 billion (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery, military supplies, metal works, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, technical services, refined oil products

      Importaciones - socios: Germany, Italy, Japan, UAE, UK, Belgium

      Deuda - externa: $21.9 billion (1996 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $116.5 million (1995)

      Moneda: 10 Iranian rials (IR) = 1 toman; note - domestic figures are generally referred to in terms of the toman

      Indice de intercambio: Iranian rials (IR) per US$1 - 1,754.90 (January 2000), 1,725.93 (1999), 1,751.86 (1998), 1,752.92 (1997), 1,750.76 (1996), 1,747.93 (1995); black market rate: 7,000 rials per US$1 (December 1998); note - as of May 1995, the "official rate" of 1,750 rials per US$1 is used for imports of essential goods and services and for oil exports, whereas the "official export rate" of 3,000 rials per US$1 is used for non-oil exports and imports not covered by the official rate

      A�o Fiscal: 21 March - 20 March

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