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    Italia Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 42 50 N, 12 50 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Europe

      total: 301,230 sq km
      land: 294,020 sq km
      water: 7,210 sq km
      note: includes Sardinia and Sicily

      Area - comparativo: slightly larger than Arizona

      total: 1,932.2 km
      border countries: Austria 430 km, France 488 km, Holy See (Vatican City) 3.2 km, San Marino 39 km, Slovenia 232 km, Switzerland 740 km

      Costa: 7,600 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

      Terreno: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) 4,807 m

      Recursos Naturales: mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 31%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 23%
      other: 21% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 27,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: regional risks include landslides, mudflows, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding; land subsidence in Venice

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: air pollution from industrial emissions such as sulfur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes; inadequate industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)