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    Kiribati Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Oceania, group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati unilaterally moved the International Date Line from the middle of the country to include its easternmost islands and make it the same day throughout the country

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 1 25 N, 173 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Oceania

      total: 717 sq km
      land: 717 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands

      Area - comparativo: four times the size of Washington, DC

      Fronteras: 0 km

      Costa: 1,143 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds

      Terreno: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Banaba 81 m

      Recursos Naturales: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 51%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 3%
      other: 46% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: NA sq km

      Peligros Naturales: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low-level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to sea-level rise

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Nota - geograf�a: 20 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)