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    Corea del Norte Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: North Korea ranks among the world's most centrally planned and isolated economies. The resulting economic distortions and the government's reluctance to publicize economic data limit the amount of reliable information available. State-owned industry produces nearly all manufactured goods, and the regime continues to devote its focus on heavy and military industries at the expense of light and consumer industries. Economic conditions remain stagnant at best and the country's deepening economic slide has been fueled by acute energy shortages, poorly maintained and aging industrial facilities, and a lack of new investment. The agricultural outlook, though slightly improved over previous years, remains weak. The combined effects of serious fertilizer shortages, successive natural disasters, and structural constraints - such as marginal arable land and a short growing season - have reduced staple grain output to more than 1 million tons less than what the country needs to meet even minimum international requirements. The steady flow of international food aid has been critical in meeting the population's basic food needs. The impact of other forms of humanitarian assistance such as medical supplies and agricultural assistance largely has been limited to local areas. Even with aid, malnutrition rates are among the world's highest and estimates of mortality range in the hundreds of thousands as a direct result of starvation or famine-related diseases.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $22.6 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 1% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,000 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 30%
      industry: 42%
      services: 28% (1999 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): NA%

      Fuerza Laboral: 9.6 million

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agricultural 36%, nonagricultural 64%

      Indice de desempleo: NA%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $NA
      expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

      Industrias: military products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 31.975 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 34.4%
      hydro: 65.6%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 29.737 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, pulses; cattle, pigs, pork, eggs

      Exportaciones: $680 million (f.o.b., 1998 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: minerals, metallurgical products, manufactures (including armaments); agricultural and fishery products

      Exportaciones - socios: Japan 28%, South Korea 21%, China 5%, Germany 4%, Russia 1% (1995)

      Importaciones: $954 million (c.i.f., 1998 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: petroleum, coking coal, machinery and equipment; consumer goods, grain

      Importaciones - socios: China 33%, Japan 17%, Russia 5%, South Korea 4%, Germany 3% (1995)

      Deuda - externa: $12 billion (1996 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $NA; note - an estimated $200 million to $300 million in humanitarian aid from US, South Korea, Japan, and EU in 1997 plus much additional aid from the UN and non-governmental organizations

      Moneda: 1 North Korean won (Wn) = 100 chon

      Indice de intercambio: official: North Korean won (Wn) per US$1 - 2.15 (May 1994), 2.13 (May 1992), 2.14 (September 1991), 2.1 (January 1990), 2.3 (December 1989); market: North Korean won (Wn) per US$1 - 200

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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