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    Maldivas Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Tourism, Maldives largest industry, accounts for 20% of GDP and more than 60% of the Maldives' foreign exchange receipts. Over 90% of government tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes. Almost 400,000 tourists visited the islands in 1998. Fishing is a second leading sector. The Maldivian Government began an economic reform program in 1989 initially by lifting import quotas and opening some exports to the private sector. Subsequently, it has liberalized regulations to allow more foreign investment. Agriculture and manufacturing continue to play a minor role in the economy, constrained by the limited availability of cultivable land and the shortage of domestic labor. Most staple foods must be imported. Industry, which consists mainly of garment production, boat building, and handicrafts, accounts for about 18% of GDP. Maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is one meter or less above sea level.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $540 million (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 7% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,800 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 20%
      industry: 18%
      services: 62% (1999 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 3% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 67,000 (1995)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 22%, industry 18%, services 60% (1995)

      Indice de desempleo: NEGL%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $166 million (excluding foreign grants)
      expenditures: $192 million, including capital expenditures of $80 million (1999 est.)

      Industrias: fish processing, tourism, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining

      Industrial production growth rate: 4.4% (1996 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 85 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 79 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish

      Exportaciones: $98 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Exporationes - comodidades: fish, clothing

      Exportaciones - socios: US, UK, Sri Lanka, Japan

      Importaciones: $312 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Importaciones - comodidades: consumer goods, intermediate and capital goods, petroleum products

      Importaciones - socios: Singapore, India, Sri Lanka, Japan, Canada

      Deuda - externa: $188 million (1998 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $NA

      Moneda: 1 rufiyaa (Rf) = 100 laari

      Indice de intercambio: rufiyaa (Rf) per US$1 - 11.770 (fixed rate since 1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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