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    Mali Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Mali is among the poorest countries in the world, with 65% of its land area desert or semidesert. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for cotton, its main export. In 1997, the government continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform, and the 50% devaluation of the African franc in January 1994, has pushed up economic growth. Several multinational corporations increased gold mining operations in 1996-98, and the government anticipates that Mali will become a major Sub-Saharan gold exporter in the next few years. Annual growth should remain in the 5-6% range in 2000-01, and inflation should drop under 3%.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $8.5 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 5% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $820 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 46%
      industry: 21%
      services: 33% (1998)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 3% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: NA

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture and fishing 80% (1998 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: NA%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $730 million
      expenditures: $770 million, including capital expenditures of $320 million (1997 est.)

      Industrias: minor local consumer goods production and food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining

      Industrial production growth rate: 0.6% (1995 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 310 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 38.71%
      hydro: 61.29%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 288 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats

      Exportaciones: $640 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: cotton 50%, gold, livestock (1998 est.)

      Exportaciones - socios: Thailand 20%, Italy 20%, China 9%, Brazil 5%, Franc Zone (1997)

      Importaciones: $650 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment, construction materials, petroleum, foodstuffs, textiles

      Importaciones - socios: Cote d'Ivoire 19%, France 17%, other Franc Zone and EU countries (1997)

      Deuda - externa: $3.1 billion (1998)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $596.4 million (1995)

      Moneda: 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes

      Indice de intercambio: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 647.25 (January 2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997), 511.55 (1996), 499.15 (1995)
      note: since 1 January 1999, the CFAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 CFA francs per euro

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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