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    Mauritania Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: A majority of the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for almost 50% of total exports. The decline in world demand for this ore, however, has led to cutbacks in production. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. In recent years, drought and economic mismanagement have resulted in a buildup of foreign debt. In March 1999, the government signed an agreement with a joint World Bank-IMF mission on a $54 million enhanced structural adjustment facility (ESAF). The economic objectives have been set for 1999-2002. Privatization remains one of the key issues. Mauritania is unlikely to meet ESAF's annual GDP growth objectives of 4%-5%.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $4.9 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 3.7% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,910 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 25%
      industry: 31%
      services: 44% (1997)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 57% (1990 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 0.7%
      highest 10%: 30.4% (1988)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 9.8% (1998)

      Fuerza Laboral: 465,000 (1981 est.); 45,000 wage earners (1980)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 47%, services 39%, industry 14%

      Indice de desempleo: 23% (1995 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $329 million
      expenditures: $265 million, including capital expenditures of $75 million (1996 est.)

      Industrias: fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum

      Industrial production growth rate: 7.2% (1994)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 152 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 80.26%
      hydro: 19.74%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 141 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: dates, millet, sorghum, root crops; cattle, sheep; fish products

      Exportaciones: $425 million (f.o.b., 1997)

      Exporationes - comodidades: fish and fish products, iron ore, gold

      Exportaciones - socios: Japan 24%, Italy 17%, France 14%, Spain 8% (1997)

      Importaciones: $444 million (f.o.b., 1997)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

      Importaciones - socios: France 26%, Spain 8%, Germany 7%, Benelux 7% (1997)

      Deuda - externa: $2.5 billion (1997)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $227.9 million (1995)

      Moneda: 1 ouguiya (UM) = 5 khoums

      Indice de intercambio: ouguiyas (UM) per US$1 - 219.560 (December 1999), 209.514 (1999), 188.476 (1998), 151.853 (1997), 137.222 (1996), 129.768 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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