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    Holanda Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 52 30 N, 5 45 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Europe

      total: 41,532 sq km
      land: 33,889 sq km
      water: 7,643 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

      total: 1,027 km
      border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

      Costa: 451 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

      Terreno: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Prins Alexanderpolder -7 m
      highest point: Vaalserberg 321 m

      Recursos Naturales: natural gas, petroleum, arable land

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 25%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 8%
      other: 39% (1996 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 6,000 sq km (1996 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: the extensive system of dikes and dams protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)