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    Panam� Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 9 00 N, 80 00 W

      Referencias en el mapa: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 78,200 sq km
      land: 75,990 sq km
      water: 2,210 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than South Carolina

      total: 555 km
      border countries: Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km

      Costa: 2,490 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)

      Terreno: interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Volcan de Chiriqui 3,475 m

      Recursos Naturales: copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 44%
      other: 27% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 320 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: NA

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Nota - geograf�a: strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with North Pacific Ocean

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)