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    Paraguay Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Paraguay has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. The informal sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population derive their living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. The formal economy grew by an average of about 3% annually in 1995-97, but GDP declined slightly in 1998 and 1999. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paraguay's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, lack of progress on structural reform, and deficient infrastructure. Growth should recover in 2000, perhaps to 2%.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $19.9 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: -1% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $3,650 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 28%
      industry: 21%
      services: 51% (1999 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 32% (1997-98 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 0.7%
      highest 10%: 46.6% (1995)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 5% (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral: 1.7 million (1996)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 45%

      Indice de desempleo: 12% (1998 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $1.9 billion
      expenditures: $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $700 million (1995 est.)

      Industrias: sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products

      Industrial production growth rate: -4% (1999 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 50.324 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 0.12%
      hydro: 99.66%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0.22% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 1.494 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 45.307 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber

      Exportaciones: $3.1 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils

      Exportaciones - socios: Brazil, Argentina, EU

      Importaciones: $3.2 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery

      Importaciones - socios: Brazil 34%, US, Argentina, Uruguay, EU, Hong Kong (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $2.7 billion (1999)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $NA

      Moneda: 1 guarani (G) = 100 centimos

      Indice de intercambio: guarani (G) per US$ - 3.332.0 (January 2000), 3,119.1 (1999), 2,726.5 (1998), 2,177.9 (1997), 2,056.8 (1996), 1,963.0 (1995); note - since early 1998, the exchange rate has operated as a managed float; prior to that, the exchange rate was determined freely in the market

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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