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    Per� Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 10 00 S, 76 00 W

      Referencias en el mapa: South America

      Area:
      total: 1,285,220 sq km
      land: 1.28 million sq km
      water: 5,220 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Alaska

      Fronteras:
      total: 5,536 km
      border countries: Bolivia 900 km, Brazil 1,560 km, Chile 160 km, Colombia 1,496 km (est.), Ecuador 1,420 km

      Costa: 2,414 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Clima: varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes

      Terreno: western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

      Recursos Naturales: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 21%
      forests and woodland: 66%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 12,800 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00