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    Filipinas Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: In 1998 the Philippine economy - a mixture of agriculture, light industry, and supporting services - deteriorated as a result of spillover from the Asian financial crisis and poor weather conditions. Growth fell to about -0.5% in 1998 from 5% in 1997, but recovered to 2.9% in 1999. The government has promised to continue its economic reforms to help the Philippines match the pace of development in the newly industrialized countries of East Asia. The strategy includes improving infrastructure, overhauling the tax system to bolster government revenues, and moving toward further deregulation and privatization of the economy.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $282 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 2.9% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $3,600 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 20%
      industry: 32%
      services: 48% (1997 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 32% (1997 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 2.4%
      highest 10%: 33.5% (1994)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 6.8% (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral: 32 million (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 39.8%, government and social services 19.4%, services 17.7%, manufacturing 9.8%, construction 5.8%, other 7.5% (1998 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 9.6% (October 1998)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $14.5 billion
      expenditures: $12.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)

      Industrias: textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, electronics assembly, petroleum refining, fishing

      Industrial production growth rate: 1.7% (1999 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 39.623 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 70.12%
      hydro: 10.75%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 19.13% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 36.849 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish

      Exportaciones: $34.8 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: electronic equipment, machinery and transport equipment, garments, coconut products

      Exportaciones - socios: US 34%, EU 20%, Japan 14%, Netherlands 8%, Singapore 6%, UK 6%, Hong Kong 4% (1998)

      Importaciones: $30.7 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: raw materials and intermediate goods, capital goods, consumer goods, fuels

      Importaciones - socios: US 22%, Japan 20%, South Korea 8%, Singapore 6%, Taiwan 5%, Hong Kong 4% (1998 est.)

      Deuda - externa: $51.9 billion (1999)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: ODA, $1.1 billion (1998)

      Moneda: 1 Philippine peso (P) = 100 centavos

      Indice de intercambio: Philippine pesos (P) per US$1 - 40.427 (January 2000), 39.089 (1999), 40.893 (1998), 29.471 (1997), 26.216 (1996), 25.714 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
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