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    Ruman�a Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 46 00 N, 25 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Europe

      Area:
      total: 237,500 sq km
      land: 230,340 sq km
      water: 7,160 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Fronteras:
      total: 2,508 km
      border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia and Montenegro 476 km (all with Serbia), Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km

      Costa: 225 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

      Terreno: central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

      Recursos Naturales: petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydro power

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 41%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 21%
      forests and woodland: 29%
      other: 6% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 31,020 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: earthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00