Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • |Indice|
  • English
  • Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Rusia Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Nine years after the collapse of the USSR, Russia is still struggling to establish a modern market economy and achieve strong economic growth. Russian GDP has contracted an estimated 45% since 1991, despite the country's wealth of natural resources, its well-educated population, and its diverse - although increasingly dilapidated - industrial base. By the end of 1997, Russia had achieved some progress. Inflation had been brought under control, the ruble was stabilized, and an ambitious privatization program had transferred thousands of enterprises to private ownership. Some important market-oriented laws had also been passed, including a commercial code governing business relations and the establishment of an arbitration court for resolving economic disputes. But in 1998, the Asian financial crisis swept through the country, contributing to a sharp decline in Russia's earnings from oil exports and resulting in an exodus of foreign investors. Matters came to a head in August 1998 when the government allowed the ruble to fall precipitously and stopped payment on $40 billion in ruble bonds. In 1999, output increased for only the second time since 1991, by an officially estimated 3.2%, regaining much of the 4.6% drop of 1998. This increase was achieved despite a year of potential turmoil that included the tenure of three premiers and culminated in the New Year's Eve resignation of President YELTSIN. Of great help was the tripling of international oil prices in the second half of 1999, raising the export surplus to $29 billion. On the negative side, inflation rose to an average 86% in 1999, compared with a 28% average in 1998 and a hoped-for 30% average in 2000. Ordinary persons found their wages falling by roughly 30% and their pensions by 45%. The PUTIN government has given high priority to supplementing low incomes by paying down wage and pension arrears. Many investors, both domestic and international remain on the sidelines, scared off by Russia's long-standing problems with capital flight, reliance on barter transactions, widespread corruption among officials, and endemic organized crime.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $620.3 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 3.2% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $4,200 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 8.4%
      industry: 38.5%
      services: 53.1% (1999 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 40% (1999 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 3%
      highest 10%: 22.2% (1993)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 86% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 66 million (1997)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 15%, industry 30%, services 55% (1999 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 12.4% (1999 est.), plus considerable underemployment

      revenues: $24.08 billion
      expenditures: $26.82 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

      Industrias: complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts

      Industrial production growth rate: 8.1% (1999 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 771.947 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 67.77%
      hydro: 19.49%
      nuclear: 12.74%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 702.711 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 21 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 5.8 billion kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk

      Exportaciones: $75.4 billion (1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures

      Exportaciones - socios: Ukraine, Germany, US, Belarus, Netherlands, China

      Importaciones: $48.2 billion (1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, grain, sugar, semifinished metal products

      Importaciones - socios: Germany, Belarus, Ukraine, US, Kazakhstan, Italy

      Deuda - externa: $166 billion (yearend 1999)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $8.523 billion (1995)

      Moneda: 1 ruble (R) = 100 kopeks

      Indice de intercambio: rubles per US$1 - 26.7996 (December 1999), 24.6199 (1999), 9.7051 (1998), 5,785 (1997), 5,121 (1996), 4,559 (1995)
      note: the post-1 January 1998 ruble is equal to 1,000 of the pre-1 January 1998 rubles

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Favor de A�ar Esta Pagina a Tus "BOOKMARKS" - - - - -

    Deja tu direci�n electr�nico para recibir un mensaje cuando se cambia la pagina.
    Tu direci�n electr�nico:

    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)