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    Sud�frica Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 29 00 S, 24 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Africa

      Area:
      total: 1,219,912 sq km
      land: 1,219,912 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)

      Area - comparativo: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Fronteras:
      total: 4,750 km
      border countries: Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 855 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km

      Costa: 2,798 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights

      Terreno: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m

      Recursos Naturales: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 67%
      forests and woodland: 7%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 12,700 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: prolonged droughts

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures; growth in water usage threatens to outpace supply; pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge; air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion; desertification

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Nota - geograf�a: South Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00