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    Svalbard Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 78 00 N, 20 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Arctic Region

      total: 62,049 sq km
      land: 62,049 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Fronteras: 0 km

      Costa: 3,587 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm unilaterally claimed by Norway but not recognized by Russia
      territorial sea: 4 nm

      Clima: arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year

      Terreno: wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Arctic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Newtontoppen 1,717 m

      Recursos Naturales: coal, copper, iron ore, phosphate, zinc, wildlife, fish

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100% (no trees and the only bushes are crowberry and cloudberry)

      Tierras Irrigadas: NA sq km

      Peligros Naturales: ice floes often block up the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: NA

      Nota - geograf�a: northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norway; consists of nine main islands; glaciers and snowfields cover 60% of the total area

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)