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    Siria Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Syria's predominantly statist economy is on a shaky footing because of Damascus's failure to implement extensive economic reform. The dominant agricultural sector remains underdeveloped, with roughly 80% of agricultural land still dependent on rain-fed sources. Although Syria has sufficient water supplies in the aggregate at normal levels of precipitation, the great distance between major water supplies and population centers poses serious distribution problems. The water problem is exacerbated by rapid population growth, industrial expansion, and increased water pollution. Private investment is critical to the modernization of the agricultural, energy, and export sectors. Oil production is leveling off, and the efforts of the nonoil sector to penetrate international markets have fallen short. Syria's inadequate infrastructure, outmoded technological base, and weak educational system make it vulnerable to future shocks and hamper competition with neighbors such as Jordan and Israel.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $42.2 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 0% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $2,500 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 29%
      industry: 22%
      services: 49% (1997)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 15%-25%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 2.3% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 4.7 million (1998 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 40%, industry 20%, services 40% (1996 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 12%-15% (1998 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $3.5 billion
      expenditures: $4.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)

      Industrias: petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining

      Industrial production growth rate: 0.2% (1996 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 17.5 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 42.86%
      hydro: 57.14%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 16.275 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk

      Exportaciones: $3.3 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: petroleum 65%, textiles 10%, manufactured goods 10%, fruits and vegetables 7%, raw cotton 5%, live sheep 2%, phosphates 1% (1998 est.)

      Exportaciones - socios: Germany 14%, Turkey 13%, Italy 12%, France 9%, Lebanon 9%, Spain (1998 est.)

      Importaciones: $3.2 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment 23%, foodstuffs/animals 20%, metal and metal products 15%, textiles 10%, chemicals 10% (1998 est.)

      Importaciones - socios: Ukraine 16%, Italy 6%, Germany 6%, Turkey 5%, France 4%, South Korea, Japan, US (1998 est.)

      Deuda - externa: $22 billion (1999 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $199 million (1997 est.)

      Moneda: 1 Syrian pound = 100 piastres

      Indice de intercambio: Syrian pounds per US$1 - 46 (1998), 41.9 (January 1997); official fixed rate - 11.225 Syrian pounds per US$1

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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