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    Turqu�a Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 39 00 N, 35 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Middle East

      total: 780,580 sq km
      land: 770,760 sq km
      water: 9,820 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly larger than Texas

      total: 2,627 km
      border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 331 km, Syria 822 km

      Costa: 7,200 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      exclusive economic zone: in Black Sea only: to the maritime boundary agreed upon with the former USSR
      territorial sea: 6 nm in the Aegean Sea; 12 nm in Black Sea and in Mediterranean Sea

      Clima: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

      Terreno: mostly mountains; narrow coastal plain; high central plateau (Anatolia)

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m

      Recursos Naturales: antimony, coal, chromium, mercury, copper, borate, sulfur, iron ore, arable land, hydropower

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 32%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 16%
      forests and woodland: 26%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 36,740 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: very severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Environmental Modification

      Nota - geograf�a: strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)