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    Uganda Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee is the major export crop and accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. In 1990-99, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Ongoing Ugandan involvement in the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, growing corruption within the government, and slippage in the government's determination to press reforms raise doubts about the continuation of strong growth.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $24.2 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 5.5% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,060 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 44%
      industry: 17%
      services: 39% (1997 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 55% (1993 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 3%
      highest 10%: 33.4% (1992)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 7% (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral: 8.361 million (1993 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: NA%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $959 million
      expenditures: $1.04 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY98/99 est.)

      Industrias: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement

      Industrial production growth rate: 9.3% (FY98/99)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 792 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 0.88%
      hydro: 99.12%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 622 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 115 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry

      Exportaciones: $471 million (f.o.b., 1999)

      Exporationes - comodidades: coffee, fish and fish products, tea; electrical products, iron and steel

      Exportaciones - socios: EU 51% (Netherlands 6%, Switzerland 6%, Germany 5%, Belgium 4%), Kenya 5% (1998)

      Importaciones: $1.1 billion (f.o.b., 1999)

      Importaciones - comodidades: vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals

      Importaciones - socios: Kenya 12%, UK 6%, Japan 4%, India 4%, South Africa (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $3.1 billion (1998 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $839.9 million (1997)

      Moneda: 1 Ugandan shilling (USh) = 100 cents

      Indice de intercambio: Ugandan shillings (USh) per US$1 - 1,525.8 (January 2000), 1,454.8 (1999), 1,240.2 (1998), 1,083.0 (1997), 1,046.1 (1996), 968.9 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: 1 July - 30 June

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    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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