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    Reino Unido Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 54 00 N, 2 00 W

      Referencias en el mapa: Europe

      total: 244,820 sq km
      land: 241,590 sq km
      water: 3,230 sq km
      note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Oregon

      total: 360 km
      border countries: Ireland 360 km

      Costa: 12,429 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

      Terreno: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Fenland -4 m
      highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m

      Recursos Naturales: coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable land

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 25%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 10%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 1,080 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: NA

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: sulfur dioxide emissions from power plants contribute to air pollution; some rivers polluted by agricultural wastes; and coastal waters polluted because of large-scale disposal of sewage at sea

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and now linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)