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    Venezuela Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 8 00 N, 66 00 W

      Referencias en el mapa: South America, Central America and the Caribbean

      Area:
      total: 912,050 sq km
      land: 882,050 sq km
      water: 30,000 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly more than twice the size of California

      Fronteras:
      total: 4,993 km
      border countries: Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km

      Costa: 2,800 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 15 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

      Terreno: Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Bolivar (La Columna) 5,007 m

      Recursos Naturales: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 34%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 1,900 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: subject to floods, rockslides, mud slides; periodic droughts

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping

      Nota - geograf�a: on major sea and air routes linking North and South America

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00