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    El Mundo Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Growth in global output (gross world product, GWP) rose to 3% in 1999 from 2% in 1998 despite continued recession in Japan, severe financial difficulties in other East Asian countries, and widespread dislocations in several transition economies, notably Russia. The US economy continued its remarkable sustained prosperity, growing at 4.1% in 1999, and accounted for 23% of GWP. Western Europe's economies grew at roughly 2%, not enough to cut deeply into the region's high unemployment; the EU economies produced 20% of GWP. China, the second largest economy in the world, continued its strong growth and accounted for 12% of GWP. Japan grew at only 0.3% in 1999; its share in GWP is 7%. As usual, the 15 successor nations of the USSR and the other old Warsaw Pact nations experienced widely different rates of growth. The developing nations varied widely in their growth results, with many countries facing population increases that eat up gains in output. Externally, the nation-state, as a bedrock economic-political institution, is steadily losing control over international flows of people, goods, funds, and technology. Internally, the central government often finds its control over resources slipping as separatist regional movements - typically based on ethnicity - gain momentum, e.g., in many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union, in the former Yugoslavia, in India, and in Canada. In Western Europe, governments face the difficult political problem of channeling resources away from welfare programs in order to increase investment and strengthen incentives to seek employment. The addition of 80 million people each year to an already overcrowded globe is exacerbating the problems of pollution, desertification, underemployment, epidemics, and famine. Because of their own internal problems and priorities, the industrialized countries devote insufficient resources to deal effectively with the poorer areas of the world, which, at least from the economic point of view, are becoming further marginalized. Continued financial difficulties in East Asia, Russia, and many African nations cast a shadow over short-term global economic prospects. The introduction of the euro as the common currency of much of Western Europe in January 1999, while strengthening prospects for an integrated economic powerhouse, poses serious economic risks because of varying levels of income and cultural and political differences among the participating nations. (For specific economic developments in each country of the world in 1999, see the individual country entries.)

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): GWP (gross world product) - purchasing power parity - $40.7 trillion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 3% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $6,800 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: NA%
      industry: NA%
      services: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): all countries 25%; developed countries 1% to 3% typically; developing countries 5% to 60% typically (1999 est.)
      note: national inflation rates vary widely in individual cases, from stable prices in Japan to hyperinflation in a number of Third World countries

      Fuerza Laboral: NA

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agricultue NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

      Indice de desempleo: 30% combined unemployment and underemployment in many non-industrialized countries; developed countries typically 4%-12% unemployment (1999 est.)

      Industrias: dominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new industrial (and agricultural) technology is complicating already grim environmental problems

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 12,342.7 billion kWh (1994)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: NA%
      hydro: NA%
      nuclear: NA%
      other: NA%

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 12,342.7 billion kWh (1994)

      Exportaciones: $5.6 trillion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: the whole range of industrial and agricultural goods and services

      Exportaciones - socios: in value, about 75% of exports from the developed countries

      Importaciones: $5.6 trillion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: the whole range of industrial and agricultural goods and services

      Importaciones - socios: in value, about 75% of imports by the developed countries

      Deuda - externa: $2 trillion for less developed countries (1999 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: traditional worldwide foreign aid $50 billion (1997 est.)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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