Afghanistan People 2015

Afghanistan People 2015

Page last updated on June 24, 2014

noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:
Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them

Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%

31,822,848 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42% (male 6,793,832/female 6,579,388)
15-24 years: 22.2% (male 3,600,264/female 3,464,781)
25-54 years: 29.4% (male 4,771,323/female 4,586,963)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 603,197/female 622,539)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 371,753/female 428,808) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 93.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 88.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6 %
potential support ratio: 21.5 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 18.1 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 18.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.29% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
38.84 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
14.12 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 23.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.41% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
KABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 22
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 117.23 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 1
male: 124.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 109.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 50.49 years
country comparison to the world: 220
male: 49.17 years
female: 51.88 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.43 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
21.8% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
9.6% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 89.9% of population
rural: 56.1% of population
total: 64.2% of population
urban: 10.1% of population
rural: 43.9% of population
total: 35.8% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 46.8% of population
rural: 23.4% of population
total: 29% of population
urban: 53.2% of population
rural: 76.6% of population
total: 71% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
4,300 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
300 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
2.2% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 182
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
32.9% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 9
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.1%
male: 43.1%
female: 12.6% (2000 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 11 years
female: 7 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 3,252,243
percentage: 25 %
note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2011 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2008 est.)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan People 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan People 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

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This page was last modified 02-Mar-15
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