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Cuba PEOPLE 2015

SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cuba PEOPLE 2015
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on June 20, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban

Ethnic groups:
white 64.1%, mestizo 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 est.)

Languages:
Spanish (official)

Religions:
nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power

Population:
11,047,251 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 16.3% (male 923,602/female 873,156)
15-24 years: 13.6% (male 770,515/female 732,056)
25-54 years: 47.1% (male 2,618,089/female 2,581,895)
55-64 years: 10.4% (male 551,637/female 602,658)
65 years and over: 12.3% (male 625,330/female 768,313) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 41.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 22.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 19.3 %
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 39.9 years
male: 39.1 years
female: 40.8 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
-0.14% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
9.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.64 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-3.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 75.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: -0.08% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
HAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
73 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 183
male: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.22 years
country comparison to the world: 59
male: 75.92 years
female: 80.65 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.46 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
74.3% (2011)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
10% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 27
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
6.72 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
5.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 96.3% of population
rural: 87.3% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.7% of population
rural: 12.7% of population
total: 6% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 94% of population
rural: 88.2% of population
total: 92.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 11.8% of population
total: 7.4% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
4,700 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
21.5% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.4% (2000)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
12.8% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2012)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 3.1%
country comparison to the world: 143
male: 2.8%
female: 3.5% (2008)

People - note:
illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 02-Mar-15
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