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Ghana Geography 2015

SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Ghana Geography 2015
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on June 22, 2014

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 2 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 238,533 sq km
country comparison to the world: 82
land: 227,533 sq km
water: 11,000 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries:
total: 2,420 km
border countries: Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
539 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m

Natural resources:
gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Land use:
arable land: 20.12%
permanent crops: 11.74%
other: 68.14% (2011)

Irrigated land:
309 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
53.2 cu km (2011)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.98 cu km/yr (24%/10%/66%)
per capita: 48.82 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural hazards:
dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts

Environment - current issues:
recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Ghana on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ghana Geography 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ghana Geography 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 10-Feb-15
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