Honduras PEOPLE 2015


Honduras PEOPLE 2015

Page last updated on June 22, 2014

noun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran

Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects

Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

Demographic profile:
Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has the world's highest murder rate. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.

Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

country comparison to the world: 94
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 34.8% (male 1,529,578/female 1,465,188)
15-24 years: 21.2% (male 928,756/female 892,629)
25-54 years: 35.3% (male 1,530,429/female 1,502,916)
55-64 years: 4.7% (male 187,771/female 217,093)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 150,681/female 193,520) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 64.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 57.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4 %
potential support ratio: 13.5 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 21.9 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.74% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
23.66 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.13 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 52.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
TEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1.088 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
note: median age a first birth among women 25-29 (2011-12 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 18.72 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 96
male: 21.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.91 years
country comparison to the world: 147
male: 69.24 years
female: 72.65 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.86 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
65.2% (2005/06)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
9.1% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.37 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 89.6% of population
urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 10.4% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 85.3% of population
rural: 74% of population
total: 80% of population
urban: 14.7% of population
rural: 26% of population
total: 20% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.5% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
25,600 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,700 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
18.4% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 106
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
8.6% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 73
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.1%
male: 85.3%
female: 84.9% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2012)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 280,809
percentage: 16 % (2002 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 8%
country comparison to the world: 122
male: 5.5%
female: 13.8% (2011)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Honduras PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 02-Mar-15
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