Panama PEOPLE 2015


Panama PEOPLE 2015

Page last updated on June 20, 2014

noun: Panamanian(s)
adjective: Panamanian

Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%

Spanish (official), English 14%
note: many Panamanians are bilingual

Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%

Demographic profile:
Panama is a country of demographic and economic contrasts. It is in the midst of a demographic transition, characterized by steadily declining rates of fertility, mortality, and population growth, but disparities persist based on wealth, geography, and ethnicity. Panama has one of the fastest growing economies in Latin America and dedicates substantial funding to social programs, yet poverty and inequality remain prevalent. The indigenous population accounts for a growing share of Panama's poor and extreme poor, while the non-indigenous rural poor have been more successful at rising out of poverty through rural-to-urban labor migration. The government's large expenditures on untargeted, indirect subsidies for water, electricity, and fuel have been ineffective, but its conditional cash transfer program has shown some promise in helping to decrease extreme poverty among the indigenous population.

Panama has expanded access to education and clean water, but the availability of sanitation and, to a lesser extent, electricity remains poor. The increase in secondary schooling - led by female enrollment - is spreading to rural and indigenous areas, which probably will help to alleviate poverty if educational quality and the availability of skilled jobs improve. Inadequate access to sanitation contributes to a high incidence of diarrhea in Panama's children, which is one of the main causes of Panama's elevated chronic malnutrition rate, especially among indigenous communities.

3,608,431 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.4% (male 504,710/female 484,166)
15-24 years: 17.3% (male 317,875/female 306,378)
25-54 years: 40.1% (male 733,588/female 714,859)
55-64 years: 7.4% (male 131,899/female 135,015)
65 years and over: 7.6% (male 129,091/female 150,850) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 54.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4 %
potential support ratio: 8.7 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 28.3 years
male: 27.9 years
female: 28.7 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.35% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
18.61 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.77 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 75.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
PANAMA CITY (capital) 1.426 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
92 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 135
male: 11.46 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.3 years
country comparison to the world: 56
male: 75.51 years
female: 81.22 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.38 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
52.2% (2009)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.2% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.5 physicians/1,000 population (2000)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 94.3% of population
urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 5.7% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 79.7% of population
rural: 52.5% of population
total: 73.2% of population
urban: 20.3% of population
rural: 47.5% of population
total: 26.8% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.7% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
16,700 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
600 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 86
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
25.4% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 55
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.9% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 99
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.5% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 122
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.1%
male: 94.7%
female: 93.5% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 59,294
percentage: 7 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2010 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 14.6%
country comparison to the world: 87
male: 8.7%
female: 10.3% (2012)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Panama on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Panama PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Panama PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 02-Mar-15
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