Somalia Economy 2015


Somalia Economy 2015

Page last updated on June 23, 2014

Economy - overview:
Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas are Somalia's principal exports, while sugar, sorghum, corn, qat, and machined goods are the principal imports. Somalia's small industrial sector, based on the processing of agricultural products, has largely been looted and the machinery sold as scrap metal. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. Mogadishu's main market offers a variety of goods from food to electronic gadgets. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. Somalia's government lacks the ability to collect domestic revenue, and arrears to the IMF have continued to grow. Somalia's capital city - Mogadishu - has witnessed the development of the city's first gas stations, supermarkets, and flights between Europe (Istanbul-Mogadishu) since the collapse of central authority in 1991. This economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu, and within the city, security concerns dominate business. In the absence of a formal banking sector, money transfer/remittance services have sprouted throughout the country, handling up to $1.6 billion in remittances annually, although international concerns over the money transfers into Somalia currently threatens these services.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$5.896 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166

$5.75 billion (2009 est.)
$5.607 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
[see also: GDP country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$2.372 billion (2010 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]

GDP - real growth rate:
2.6% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127

2.6% (2012 est.)
2.6% (2008 est.)
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita:
$600 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 226

$600 (2009 est.)
$600 (2008 est.)
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 72.6%
government consumption: 8.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 0.3%
imports of goods and services: -1.7%

(2009 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 59.3%
industry: 7.2%
services: 33.5% (2012 est.)

Agriculture - products:
bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish

a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication

Industrial production growth rate:
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]

Labor force:
3.447 million (2007)
country comparison to the world: 98
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 71%
industry and services: 29% (1975)

Unemployment rate:
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

revenues: $NA
expenditures: $NA

Fiscal year:

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
note: businesses print their own money, so inflation rates cannot be easily determined
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Central bank discount rate:
[see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

$515.8 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173

$594.3 million (2011 est.)
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal, scrap metal

Exports - partners:
UAE 51.7%, Yemen 18.1%, Oman 13% (2012)

$1.263 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176

$798 million (2006 est.)
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, qat

Imports - partners:
Djibouti 27.3%, India 13.2%, Kenya 7.1%, China 6.7%, Pakistan 6.4%, Oman 5.1%, UAE 5%, Yemen 4.4% (2012)

Debt - external:
$3.05 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 136

$2.942 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]

Exchange rates:
Somali shillings (SOS) per US dollar -

1,600 (2012 est.)
31,900 (2011 est.)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia Economy 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia Economy 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 10-Feb-15
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