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Soviet Union (former) Angola
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    The Soviet Union engaged in a massive airlift of Cuban forces into Angola in 1975 to help the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola--MPLA) defeat rival groups attempting to achieve power after the Portuguese colonial administration ended. The rival group, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola--UNITA), continued to oppose the MPLA and by the early 1980s controlled almost one-half of Angola's territory and increasingly threatened the central government. In both 1985 and 1987, massive Soviet-directed and Cuban-assisted MPLA offensives were launched against UNITA in attempts to achieve a military solution to the insurgency. Both these offensives failed. In December 1988, regional accords were signed setting a timetable for Namibian independence and the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola. The signatories were South Africa, Angola, and Cuba, with the United States acting as mediator and the Soviet Union as observer of the accords.

    Data as of May 1989

    NOTE: The information regarding Soviet Union (former) on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Soviet Union (former) Angola information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Soviet Union (former) Angola should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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