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Soviet Union (former) Turkey
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    Soviet relations with Turkey were poor during the Stalin period because of Soviet territorial claims against Turkey. These claims helped induce Turkey to join NATO in 1952. Relations improved during the 1950s and 1960s to the point where Khrushchev began giving economic assistance to Turkey in the early 1960s. During the 1980s, this economic assistance represented the largest program of Soviet aid to any noncommunist Third World state. Turkish relations with the Soviet Union further improved after the United States imposed an arms embargo on Turkey to protest the 1974 invasion and occupation of northern Cyprus. During the 1980s, Turkey continued a delicate balancing act between security cooperation within NATO and good relations with the Soviet Union.

    Data as of May 1989

    NOTE: The information regarding Soviet Union (former) on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Soviet Union (former) Turkey information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Soviet Union (former) Turkey should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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