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Soviet Union (former) Urban-Rural Cleavage
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    The difference between urban and rural life in the Soviet Union has been called by French sociologist Basile Kerblay "the most obvious gulf within Soviet society." This gulf remained despite the rapid urbanization that the society has undergone since the Bolshevik Revolution and the urbanization of rural life itself. Between 1917 and 1987, the urban population increased by 156.9 million; in contrast, the rural population decreased by 38.2 million. By 1968 the Soviet Union had become more urban than rural (see table 20, Appendix A). A Soviet village, officially defined as a community with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants, had, on the average, 225 inhabitants.

    Data as of May 1989

    NOTE: The information regarding Soviet Union (former) on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Soviet Union (former) Urban-Rural Cleavage information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Soviet Union (former) Urban-Rural Cleavage should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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