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Algeria Geography

    Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

    Geographic coordinates: 28 00 N, 3 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 2,381,740 sq km
    land: 2,381,740 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 6,343 km
    border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

    Coastline: 998 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

    Terrain: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
    highest point: Tahat 3,003 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 13%
    forests and woodland: 2%
    other: 82% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 5,550 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mud slides

    Environment—current issues: soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)