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Bahamas, The Geography

    Location: Caribbean, chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida

    Geographic coordinates: 24 15 N, 76 00 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 13,940 sq km
    land: 10,070 sq km
    water: 3,870 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 3,542 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

    Terrain: long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Alvernia, on Cat Island 63 m

    Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 32%
    other: 67% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: hurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage

    Environment—current issues: coral reef decay; solid waste disposal

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)