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Benin Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Nigeria and Togo

    Geographic coordinates: 9 30 N, 2 15 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 112,620 sq km
    land: 110,620 sq km
    water: 2,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,989 km
    border countries: Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km

    Coastline: 121 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 200 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

    Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m

    Natural resources: small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

    Land use:
    arable land: 13%
    permanent crops: 4%
    permanent pastures: 4%
    forests and woodland: 31%
    other: 48% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 100 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter

    Environment—current issues: recent droughts have severely affected marginal agriculture in north; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: no natural harbors

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)