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Botswana Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa

    Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 24 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 600,370 sq km
    land: 585,370 sq km
    water: 15,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,013 km
    border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

    Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
    highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m

    Natural resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 46%
    forests and woodland: 47%
    other: 6% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

    Environment—current issues: overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)