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Burkina Faso Geography

    Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana

    Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 2 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 274,200 sq km
    land: 273,800 sq km
    water: 400 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Colorado

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,192 km
    border countries: Benin 306 km, Ghana 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

    Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
    highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m

    Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver

    Land use:
    arable land: 13%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 22%
    forests and woodland: 50%
    other: 15% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 200 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: recurring droughts

    Environment—current issues: recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)