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Burundi Geography

    Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Geographic coordinates: 3 30 S, 30 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 27,830 sq km
    land: 25,650 sq km
    water: 2,180 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

    Land boundaries:
    total: 974 km
    border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,760 m); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; wet seasons from February to May and September to November, and dry seasons from June to August and December to January

    Terrain: hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
    highest point: Mount Heha 2,670 m

    Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium

    Land use:
    arable land: 44%
    permanent crops: 9%
    permanent pastures: 36%
    forests and woodland: 3%
    other: 8% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 140 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: flooding, landslides

    Environment—current issues: soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)