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Cameroon Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

    Geographic coordinates: 6 00 N, 12 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 475,440 sq km
    land: 469,440 sq km
    water: 6,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,591 km
    border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

    Coastline: 402 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 50 nm

    Climate: varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

    Terrain: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Fako 4,095 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

    Land use:
    arable land: 13%
    permanent crops: 2%
    permanent pastures: 4%
    forests and woodland: 78%
    other: 3% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 210 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: recent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases

    Environment—current issues: water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)