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Chad Geography 1999

    Location: Central Africa, south of Libya

    Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 19 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 1.284 million sq km
    land: 1,259,200 sq km
    water: 24,800 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than three times the size of California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,968 km
    border countries: Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical in south, desert in north

    Terrain: broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Djourab Depression 160 m
    highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m

    Natural resources: petroleum (unexploited but exploration under way), uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad)

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 36%
    forests and woodland: 26%
    other: 35% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 140 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues

    Environment—current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

    Geography—note: landlocked; Lake Chad is the most significant water body in the Sahel

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)