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Chad People

    Population: 7,557,436 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 44% (male 1,675,394; female 1,667,717)
    15-64 years: 53% (male 1,953,251; female 2,034,883)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 99,783; female 126,408) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.65% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 43.06 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 16.57 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 115.27 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 48.56 years
    male: 46.13 years
    female: 51.09 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.69 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Chadian(s)
    adjective: Chadian

    Ethnic groups: Muslims (Arabs, Toubou, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Kanembou, Baguirmi, Boulala, Zaghawa, and Maba), non-Muslims (Sara, Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye, Moundang, Moussei, Massa), nonindigenous 150,000 (of whom 1,000 are French)

    Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs (mostly animism) 25%

    Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara and Sango (in south), more than 100 different languages and dialects

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
    total population: 48.1%
    male: 62.1%
    female: 34.7% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)