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Christmas Island (territory of Australia) Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

    Geographic coordinates: 10 30 S, 105 40 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 135 sq km
    land: 135 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 138.9 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

    Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

    Natural resources: phosphate

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 100% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)