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Cote d'Ivoire Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia

    Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 5 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 322,460 sq km
    land: 318,000 sq km
    water: 4,460 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,110 km
    border countries: Burkina Faso 584 km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km

    Coastline: 515 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons—warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)

    Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
    highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper

    Land use:
    arable land: 8%
    permanent crops: 4%
    permanent pastures: 41%
    forests and woodland: 22%
    other: 25% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 680 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible

    Environment—current issues: deforestation (most of the country's forests—once the largest in West Africa—have been cleared by the timber industry); water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)