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Gibraltar (overseas territory of the UK) Geography

    Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain

    Geographic coordinates: 36 11 N, 5 22 W

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 6.5 sq km
    land: 6.5 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1.2 km
    border countries: Spain 1.2 km

    Coastline: 12 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers

    Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 100% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: limited natural freshwater resources; large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rain water

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)